Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus)
It is widely cultivated and consumed worldwide. The mushroom gets its name from its resemblance to an oyster shell or an open fan. Oyster mushrooms are low in calories and fat while being rich in nutrients. They are a good source of protein, dietary fiber, vitamins (such as vitamin B complex and vitamin D), minerals (such as potassium, phosphorus, and iron), and antioxidants. Oyster mushrooms are appreciated for their culinary attributes, nutritional value, and potential health benefits.
- Contain bioactive compounds, including polysaccharides, which have demonstrated potential anti-cancer properties
- Contain various antioxidants, including ergothioneine and selenium, which help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.
- Contain compounds, such as beta-glucans, that have immunomodulatory properties.
- Have beneficial effects on cholesterol levels and blood sugar regulation.
- The dietary fiber in oyster mushrooms supports healthy digestion by promoting regular bowel movements and aiding in the growth of beneficial gut bacteria.
- Substrate: grey oyster mushrooms can grow on a variety of substrates, including hardwood sawdust, straw and coffee grounds.
- Temperature: keep the substrate between 18-24°C (65-75°F) during colonization.
- Humidity: maintain high humidity levels of 85-95% during fruiting.
- Fresh air flow: provide good airflow to prevent contamination.
- Spawning: inoculate the substrate with spawn and wait 2-4 weeks for colonization.
- Lifting: harvest the mushrooms when the caps are fully formed but before the edges start to curl.